Repose Paediatric Mattress Overlay

Repose Paediatric Mattress Overlay
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The Repose paediatric mattress overlay was developed specifically at the request of the Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children in London and is now widely used in other children’s units.  The product is sized to fit the majority of paediatric bed frames and mattresses. Suitable for use in both acute and community settings.

Indicated for pressure relief with children

  • Designed to fit the majority of paediatric bed frames and mattresses
  • Widely used in NHS children’s units

Specification

  • Contents: 1 x Repose Paediatric Mattress Overlay and 1 x small pump
  • Inflated dimensions: L 1290mm x W 670mm
  • Order code: 6801100
  • Max patient weight 139kg
  • Inflation, deflation and repacking instructions: Please see download tab for instructions.
  • Cleaning instructions: Please see download tab for cleaning guidance.

Repose products provide effective pressure redistribution for all people at risk of developing pressure ulcers, including those assessed as very high risk.  Repose is also appropriate for users with pressure related tissue damage - clinical supervision is advised where the damage is severe.

Limitations for use

Repose is not suitable for the following:

  • Persons weighing in excess of 139kg
  • Persons with unstable spinal fractures
  • Where body shape is such that the person cannot be fully supported by the Repose mattress overlay or cushion

Repose is suitable for use with bed and trolley side rails subject to the bed or trolley manufacturer’s instructions and appropriate risk assessment

Precautions

If deterioration in skin condition is noted, clinical advice should be sought and, if so advised, use of the product discontinued.
Avoid direct contact with heat and sharp objects
When deflated, keep away from babies and small children. Keep away from pets.

Shared experiences of two Scottish Hospitals in the evaluation and resultant implementation of Repose mattresses and heel protectors as part of their hospital protocol in the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers.

Conclusions: In WGH (Western General Hospital, Edinburgh), Repose mattresses have demonstrated dramatic reduction in costs (£34,603 over 6 months) whilst the prevalence and hospital acquired pressure ulcers have not significantly altered.  In HH (Hairmyers Hospital, East Kilbride), Repose heel protectors have clearly indicated benefits with a significant reduction in Incidence results (from 17% to 0%). Satisfaction surveys carried out during the trial periods indicated that these products required low maintenance and were easy to use making them popular with nursing staff, patient and procurement staff.  These two products are now part of the Guidelines for Pressure Ulcer Prevention and Management in both hospitals.

(1. Bale S. Interim results of randomised controlled trial of two pressure-relieving systems in the prevention of pressure sores in patients with fractured neck of femur.  Presented at the 7th European Conference on Advance in Wound Management, Harrogate, 1997.)

Challenging the pressure sore paradigm
P. Price, S. Bale, R. Newcombe, K. Harding, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, UK

Abstract: This study determines the effectiveness of a new now-unit-cost system in patients at very high risk of developing pressure sores. In a prospective randomised controlled trial, a low pressure inflatable mattress and cushion system (Repose) was compared to a dynamic support mattress (Nimbus II) used in conjunction with an alternating pressure cushion (Alpha TranCell) in 80 patients with fractured neck of femur and high scores on a pressure sore risk assessment scale. All patients received best standard care, including turning at regular intervals. Skin condition was assessed in 17 locations on admission, preoperatively, and seven and 14 days postoperatively. No difference was found between the groups in skin condition or the occurrence and severity of pressure sores at any time point.

(2. Price.  P. et al. 1999.  Challenging the pressure sore paradigm Journal of Wound Care, April, Vol 8, No 4)
3. Defloor T and Grypdonck MH. Sitting posture and the prevention of pressure ulcers.  Applied Nursing Research, 1999; 12: 136-142

Repose: the cost-effective solution for prompt discharge of patients
Sylvie Hampton

Abstract:
Pressure ulcer prevention is expensive and at times difficult to achieve. Formation, or the potential formation, of pressure ulcers can lead to delayed patient discharge, particularly when the appropriate equipment is unavailable on the day of discharge. This article reviews the potential of Repose, an inflatable mattress overlay, to be an inexpensive and clinically effective alternative to alternating air mattress systems.

(4. Hampton S. Repose: the cost-effective solution for prompt discharge of patients. British Journal of Nursing, 2000;9:2249-50)

Recognizing the feet as being at risk from pressure damage
Sue Bale, Patricia Price, Sally Rees-Mathews, Keith G Harding

Abstract: This article reports the findings of a survey and an audit undertaken to investigate the provision of foot support in a university teaching hospital. Phase 1 surveyed strategies employed to support feet and phase 2 audited the use of the Repose Foot Protector, manufactured by Frontier Therapeutics, specifically designed to provide pressure support for the feet. Patients with reduced mobility, nursed out of bed in a chair, have been highlighted as a group potentially at risk of tissue damage to the heels. This survey of current strategies employed to support feet included 289 patients. Patients included were from both hospital and community settings. The survey reported a lack of specialist equipment for the heels of patients with reduced mobility sitting in a chair. Only 67 (23.2%) patients were allocated foot support (typically a stool, with or without a pillow) to use while seated out of bed in a chair. The audit of requests for a new device to protect feet included 100 patients. The main reasons for requesting this device included pressure relief (81 occasions), to treat ‘foot drop’ (32 occasions) and in promoting comfort (31 occasions). There was a significant improvement in the skin condition of the heels and comfort (P<0.0001) from study entry to exit. This audit indicated a high level of both staff and patient satisfaction.

(5. Bale.S.  Recognising the feet as being at risk from pressure damage.  British Journal of Nursing, 2000; 9:2249-50.)

7th EPUAP Pressure Ulcers Prevention and Management: Have we made a difference?
Anne MacFarlane, Sue Sayer
Shared experiences of two Scottish Hospitals in the evaluation and resultant implementation of Repose mattresses and heel protectors as part of their hospital protocol in the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers.


Conclusions: In WGH (Western General Hospital, Edinburgh), Repose mattresses have demonstrated dramatic reduction in costs (£34,603 over 6 months) whilst the prevalence and hospital acquired pressure ulcers have not significantly altered. In HH (Hairmyers Hospital, East Kilbride), Repose heel protectors have clearly indicated benefits with a significant reduction in Incidence results (from 17% to 0%). Satisfaction surveys carried out during the trial periods indicated that these products required low maintenance and were easy to use making them popular with nursing staff, patient and procurement staff. These two products are now part of the Guidelines for Pressure Ulcer Prevention and Management in both hospitals.

(6. A MacFarlane & S Sayer 2003.  Shared experiences of two Scottish Hospitals in evaluation and resultant implementation of Repose mattresses and heel protectors as part of their hospital protocol in the prevention of pressure ulcers.  Presented at the 7th EPUAP Open meeting, Tampere.)

The use of a new overlay mattress in patients with chronic pain: impact on sleep and self-reported pain
P Price, S Rees-Mathews, N Tebble, J Camilleri. University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, Wales

Conclusions: In this pilot study of a new mattress overlay, statistically significant improvements in sleep and pain were noted over a four-week period.

(7. Price P et al. 2003  The use of a new overlay mattress in patients with chronic pain: impact on sleep and self-reported pain Clinical Rehabilitation 2003:17.)

8th European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel Open Meeting, Aberdeen, Scotland May 5-7th 2005
Clinical evaluation of the effectiveness of a multimodal static pressure relieving device.
J. Osterbrink, H. Mayer, Gerhard Schröder


Purpose of Study: The aim of the study was to provide proof of the effectiveness of a support aid for the prevention or treatment of pressure sores.  The system under review was REPOSE, a range of air filled polyurethane products comprising a mattress overlay, a cushion, foot protectors and a wedge.  Results: Superiority (p=0.009) for Repose over a small-cell system in terms of the wound healing tendency, and a comparability to a large-cell system (p=0.212) Patients significantly more satisfied with the Repose over both the other systems (p<0.001 for the small-cell system, p=0.024 for the large-cell system)

(8. Osterbrink, J et al. Clinical evaluation of the effectiveness of a multimodal static pressure relieving device.  8th European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel Open Meeting, Aberdeen.  May 7th – 5th, 2005.)

EPUAP Berlin 2006 - Poster presentation Pressure Ulcer Prevalence Audit: What are the benefits of doing it?
Anne Ballard Wilson


Conclusions: A reduction in Pressure Ulcer Prevalence of 2% over the 5 years cannot be seen as significant, but it is encouraging that the prevalence is no higher. There has been a definite shift away from the use of dynamic systems within the Acute Hospital Division. Due to the increased availability of Repose mattresses, patients are being “upgraded” more quickly. In the past, nursing staff may have waited several days to obtain “higher level” equipment, with pressure areas already deteriorating. Although cost impact has not been looked at within the scope of these audits, the Trust was spending in excess of £300,000 in 2001 on dynamic equipment. The budget for all pressure relieving equipment is now £62,000 per annum.

(9. Ballard Wilson, A. Pressure ulcer prevention audit: What are the benefits of doing it?  Poster EPUAP Berlin, 2006.)

Two clinical evaluations of the Repose system. 
Ann MacFarlane, Sue Sayer


Background: Pressure ulcer prevention is expensive and at times difficult to achieve within budget. Objectives: Two evaluations of the Repose pressure ulcer prevention system were carried out concurrently in two centres across a wide range of acute clinical settings to establish cost-effectiveness, product durability and clinical efficacy. Methods: In one centre, patients in a 24-bed orthopaedic ward were recruited over a three-month period to evaluate the clinicial effectiveness of the Repose heel protector (measured by a reduction in heel pressure ulcer incidence) and its ease of use (as assessed by an evaluation form). In the other centre, the Repose mattress overlay was evaluated throughout a hospital to establish its clinical efficacy (measured by reduction in pressure ulcer prevalence), its performance and cost benefits compared to the existing bed lease scheme.

Results: Use of the Repose heel protector reduced the incidence of heel pressure ulceration from 17% to 0%, while the use of the mattress overlay reduced prevalence from 7% to 2–3%. The majority of staff found both products easy to use, with the main criticism levelled at its repackaging once used. Use of the products conferred significant cost benefits.
Conclusions: Both hospitals involved in the evaluation now have Repose included in their best practice guidelines.

(10. MacFarlane A, Sayer S.  Two clinical evaluations of the Repose system.  Wounds UK 2006, Vol 2. No 3: 14-25)

Case studies

Repose Cushion Trial
Wishaw General Hospital.
Trial Co-ordinators: Linda McDonald, Kaye Morley, Lln Campbell
Product on Trial - 26 Repose Cushions

Trial background - An annual prevalence study of pressure ulcers carried out throughout the hospital in September 2004 identified a prevalence rate within the ward in question of 38.5%.
Results - Incidence rate at end of trail 0%

Is there a weight limit for patients using Repose?
Repose can be used for patients up to 139 kg. There is no lower patient weight limit. Patients at the higher extremes of the weight range should be monitored regularly.

Do you have to manually set the pressure on Repose?
No, ‘smart valve’ technology in the pump automatically ensures Repose inflates to the optimal pressure. This pressure has been demonstrated over time (and supported by clinical trials) to be the optimal balance between comfort and efficacy for pressure ulcer prevention and treatment.

How should the products be cleaned?
Cleaning recommendations for Repose are similar to those for standard PU covered foam mattresses. Clean with soap and water and, if necessary, with a chlorine-based disinfectant (not phenol-based). The product should be dry before repackaging into the tube. Cleaning instructions are supplied with the product. Repose is reusable.

Can the product be repaired if it is punctured?
Puncture is an infrequent occurrence and is usually caused by pets. We have no evidence to support the use of Repose after repair and we therefore recommend that if the product is punctured, it should be replaced.

What is the fire resistance of the product?
Repose has been tested to conform with BS: 7175 Crib Test 5, (Methods of test for the ignitability of bedcovers and pillows by smouldering and flaming ignition sources).

Can Repose be inflated with the patient in place?
No, the ‘smart valve’ technology is designed to set pressures before the patient is in place. It takes less than a minute to inflate Repose prior to use.

Should the mattress overlay be covered by a sheet?
It is not necessary, however most patients find it comfortable and carers find it convenient to use a cotton sheet. If a sheet is used, it should be loosly fitted to ensure that “hammocking” does not occur.

What happens if the person requires CPR?
Repose is a low profile mattress overlay which contains no exposed metal or electrical elements and can be used safely during CPR.

How should the product be disposed of?
Repose is a CE marked medical device. At the end of its useful life, the product should be treated as healthcare waste and disposed of according to local healthcare waste guidelines. It may be incinerated with other healthcare waste.

Can the mattress overlay be used with electric under or over blankets?
Repose has not been tested for use with electric blankets. Frontier do not endorse or provide guidance on the use of Repose in association with electric blankets.

Does a patient on Repose still need to be turned?
Pressure ulcers result from a combination of factors including pressure, shear, friction, and maceration. In common with all pressure redistributing mattresses carers should follow standard protocols for turning the patient whilst on a Repose Mattress Overlay.

Is Repose latex - free?
Yes. Repose is latex - free and non - allergenic.